apple picking


Orchard ladders in old farmstead apple orchard

Fruit picking or fruit harvesting is a seasonal activity (paid or recreational) that occurs during harvest time in areas with fruit growing wild or being farmed in orchards.

Types of fruit[edit source | edit]

Apple picking[edit source | edit]

Apple picking is an activity found at apple farms. Apple orchards may be opened to the public, allowing consumers to pick their own apples or purchase pre-picked apples.[1][2]

Although this is ultimately a method of purchasing apples, it is often a social activity as well. Apple picking is often a very popular dating ritual in the American Midwest. Apple orchards catering to a family outing will provide additional activities beyond the picking of apples. Many have petting zoos, restaurants and country shops that sell related products such as home-made jams and jellies. This aspect of the activity is especially popular in the Northeastern United States & Southern Ontario and Southern Québec in Canada.

The apples that fall off the trees are often used to make apple cider. Apple cider is a juice made grinding the apples, then pressing out the juice.

Workers[edit source | edit]

Most of the fruit picking is done by migrant workers. Migrant workers are frequently used as they can be paid relatively low wages and usually do the job quite well. In California, Mexican migrants are most frequently doing the work.[3] There has been much controversy about replacing workers with automation. It puts many out of work.

Automation[edit source | edit]

As labor costs are still quite expensive in fruit picking, robots are being designed that can replace humans for this kind of work.[4] The research is still in full progress, especially as the robots need to be carefully designed so that they do not bruise the fruit while picking.[5] One solution is the use of suction grippers, used on automated fruit picking machines manufactured, for example, by ACRO.[6] Citrus fruit robot pickers have thus far been the focus of research and development, but cherry pickers are also being researched.[7] Vision Robotics, in particular, has made several robots that are already capable of taking over the work.

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

External links[edit source | edit]

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article apple picking, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.